French Interprofessional Organisation|for Seeds and Plants

General Terms

The internet site is managed by SEMAE, the French Interprofessional Organisation for Seeds and Plants.

SEMAE’s headquarters are located at 44 rue du Louvre, 75001 Paris, France.

  • Publication Director: Jean-Marc BOURNIGAL
  • Webmaster: Baptiste MALHET

Welcome to our website: If you continue to browse and use this website, you are agreeing to fully comply with and be bound by the following terms and conditions of use described below. At any time and without notice, these terms of use may be changed and/or new terms may be added. Since users remain bound by any additions or changes, you are invited to regularly review the terms and conditions of use.

Copyright and unauthorised usage

This website contains material that is owned by or licensed to SEMAE. This material includes, but is not limited to, the site’s text, images, graphics, and documents.

The reproduction, representation, modification, publication, and/or adaptation of some or all of the website’s elements, regardless of the method or procedure used, is strictly prohibited without prior written authorisation from SEMAE.

Unauthorised use of part or all of this website will be treated as an infringement of copyright and will be pursued in accordance with French law governing intellectual property rights (article L. 335-2 and those that follow).

Limitation of liability

In no event shall SEMAE be held liable for any direct or indirect loss or damage caused to the user’s hardware arising out of, or in connection with, the use of this website. Moreover, by accessing this website, the user is agreeing to utilise recently configured hardware that is virus free and equipped with a fully supported and updated web browser.

In no event shall SEMAE be held liable for any indirect loss or damage whatsoever, such as loss of profits or opportunities, arising out of, or in connection with, the use of this website.

SEMAE makes every effort to keep the information on correct and up to date.

However, SEMAE makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained therein, whether supplied by SEMAE itself or by third parties.

All the content contained in is for general information purposes only and may change at any time without notice. Furthermore, the information provided for the subjects addressed is not exhaustive. It is provided with the caveat that it may change at any time without notice.

This website also contains links to third-party websites, which have been included with the express permission of SEMAE. However, SEMAE has no control over and shall not be held accountable in any way for the nature, content, or availability of those sites. Their inclusion does not necessarily imply a recommendation or endorsement of the views expressed therein.

Users can send questions or messages to SEMAE via the Contact Us page. SEMAE reserves the right to delete, at any time and without notice, any message content that fails to respect current French law, particularly legislation related to data protection. Furthermore, SEMAE reserves the right to pursue civil or criminal charges against users who send messages containing content of a racist, offensive, defamatory, or pornographic nature, regardless of the content’s form (text, photograph, etc.).

Controlling your personal information

In France, personal data are protected under French law no. 78-87 of 6 January 1978, French law no. 2004-801 of 6 August 2004, article L. 226-13 of the French Penal Code, and Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995.

If you use the SEMAE website, the following information may be collected: the URLs of any intermediary websites that directed you to the SEMAE website, your internet provider, and your IP address.

SEMAE will never collect any personal data on users, except in cases where a user provides them as part of registering for certain website services. Users will be fully aware that they are providing such data since they will be asked to enter it themselves. At that time, the site will inform the user which information is mandatory.

In accordance with French law no. 78-17 of 6 January 1978 on informatics, electronic files, and freedom (article 38 and those following), all users have the right to access, rectify, and dispute any personal data that has been collected—they must make the request by sending a email to This email must include a copy of a photo ID signed by the user as well as a return address to which a response can be sent.

No personal information collected from users of this website will be published without the user’s knowledge, nor will it be, in any way, shape, or form, exchanged with, transferred to, given to, or sold to a third party.

In accordance with current French law, the website is exempt from registering with the CNIL.

SEMAE’s databases are protected under the French law of 1 July 1998 implementing the Directive 96/9 of 11 March 1996 concerning the legal protection of databases.

Legal jurisdiction for disputes

Your use of and any dispute arising out of such use is subject to the laws of France. The competent courts of Paris shall have exclusive jurisdiction.

Photo credits

SEMAE / Interprofessional aims : © SEMAE-Paul Dutronc

SEMAE / International relations : © SEMAE-Visal Gandhi ; © SEMAE

SEMAE / Administrative structure : © SEMAE-Paul Dutronc

SEMAE / Historical background : © SEMAE-Paul Dutronc

SEMAE / Legal status : © SEMAE-Paul Dutronc

SEMAE / Official service for control and certification : © SEMAE-Philippe Roux

SEMAE / Key figures : © SEMAE-Paul Dutronc

SEMAE / News : © SEMAE-Nouvel Ensemble Ouvert

SEMAE / ASFIS training programmes : © SEMAE-Olivier Pinay ; © SEMAE-Stéphanie Buffaz ; © SEMAE-Olivier Pinay ; © SEMAE-Julien Greffier

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Stakeholders : © SEMAE ; © SEMAE-Benoit Laffineur ; © SEMAE-Michael Adelo ; © SEMAE-Benoit Laffineur ; © SEMAE-Pascal Legrand ; © SEMAE

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Challenges : © SEMAE-Sébastien Champion

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Challenges / Creating, preserving, and exchanging : © SEMAE-Yves Lanceau

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Challenges / Protecting plant variety rights : © SEMAE-Sébastien Champion

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Challenges / Boosting the organic seed industry : © SEMAE-Christian Watier

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Challenges / Meeting the growing demand for food : © Pavlo Vakhrushev

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Challenges / Feeding the world despite climate change : © SEMAE-Paul Dutronc

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Challenges / Promoting the development of sustainable agriculture : © Freeartist

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Plant variety databases : © SEMAE-Paul Dutronc

FRENCH SEED SECTOR / Figures : © SEMAE-Studio 77

SEED CERTIFICATION / How seeds are certified : © SEMAE-Stéphanie Buffaz

SEED CERTIFICATION / Production site registration : © SEMAE-Julien Greffier

SEED CERTIFICATION / Field inspections : © SEMAE-Christian Watier

SEED CERTIFICATION / Lot controls : © SEMAE-Pascal Legrand ; © SEMAE-Philippe Roux ; © SEMAE ; © SEMAE

SEED CERTIFICATION / Verifying plant health : © SEMAE-Philippe Roux ; © SEMAE

SEED REGULATION / OECD seed schemes : © SEMAE-Paul Dutronc

SEED REGULATION / EU seed marketing legislation : © SEMAE-Studio 77

SEED REGULATION / Importing seeds into France : © SEMAE-Jerry Fromont